These strategies include the deployment and management of proof-of-stake consensus mechanisms, which can consist of staking wallets, nodes, and masternodes, as applicable. They participate in various forms of private offerings, pre-sales and ICOs with the aim of obtaining discounts to pricing available to the public. Lastly, the GPs engage in short horizon trading techniques intended to capitalize on the volatility in the market to obtain profit, in which trading may be completed manually or automatically through the use of algorithmic or machine learning “bots.”